Gasoline crisis answer
On the Shelf
Let us look together at two shelves - - - that is , two places where
a good invention or a good ides could be set aside not made available to the public.
SHELF NUMBER ONE
Evidence points to the fact that the turbine engine was placed on
the shelf. it is a worthy, gas saving automobile engine which has been set aside by a
combination of automotive, governmental and oil industry officials.
Are auto manufactures, governmental officials and oil industry
leaders, all three, really "cozy" companions ? Do they indeed work together to
promote their combined interests ? Are they many or are they few ? Are they the
"chief Liberians" who keep gas saving inventions and alternate fuels on the
The quotations and articles referred to in this chapter are not
listed because the represent thinking or because they represent conservative thinking.
Rather, they are listed as examples . . . showing a sample of what has been written over a
long period of time and from a variety of publications . . . . .all readily available in
YOU BE THE JUDGE
A. Oil imports began to increase in the 1950's. A
few elected officials who were representing their people back home began it investigate
these rising imports.
"It was revealed, for instance, that U.S. - owned Aramceo,
exploiter of the fabulously rich Saudi Arabian Fields, pays no taxes to United States
These few Senators were concerned because here at home vast
shale-oil deposits that should be developed. As late as the mid-1940's, some
shale-oil/coal- hydrogenization plants were in operation and producing oil at competitive
prices with petroleum oil.
What happened ?
"Immediately upon coming into office as Secretary of the
Interior, Douglas Mckay leased the(Missouri) plant ... and not for coal
"The oil lobby found the government's oil- shale research
project in the cliffs of the] Navy's reserve near Rifle, Colorado, harder to
Here, also, gasoline from shale was being produced at a price
competitive with petroleum refined gasoline.
"Mr. McKay, a master in the practice of commissioning the
coyotes to look after the sheep, asked a committee from the oil industry to advise him
what to do with the Rifle enterprise; not unexpectedly, the committee recommended that it
be closed down. Mr. McKay wholeheartedly agreed."
"The largest oil companies in the United States are among those
which long ago acquired blocks of the richest oil-shale country in Western Colorado
The U.S. Government owns the rest.
Each of the above are from: The Nation, Mat 18, 1957, pages 437-439
B. "One radical solution to Detroit's troubles
has come from an auto maker, George Romney of American Motors Corp."
"It is his view that today's concentration of power in Detroit
is both inefficient and expensive. On one hand, it is preventing news firm from up costs -
- -because of the contracts made between big management and big labor. He proposes a
split-up of the giant firms now in the business as well as a spit-up of the United Auto
Business Week, February 22, 1958, page 172.
Is this the same George Romney that later held a high government
position ? See page 90 for answer
The head of Ford Motor Company is one Robert S. McNamara. He has
been with the firm since 1946.
Later :Washington D.C.
John. F. Kennedy is elected President of the United States.
"R.Sargent Shriver, Jr., Kennedy's brother in-law talent scout
flew to Detroit to sound McNamara out for the post of Treasury Secretary. but McNamarar
was more interested in the Defense Dept. - - - presumably because of the Pentagon's
non-political character and vast managerial challenge."
"Ford Stock Sale - -To comply with the con- flict of-interest
laws, McNamara sold his Ford stock (for $1.1-million after taxes), placed the proceeds in
a trust fund. He surrendered Ford stock option rights, but over the next six years will
receive $618,750 in bonuses for past service."
Business Week, February 11, 1961, page 102.
The interested reader should go to the public library and list the
Cabinet appointments and other high government position in the Kennedy Administration,
then research these individuals' backgrounds . . . . . .one may be surprised it find how
many were involved in the auto or oil industry.
What about the Johnson Administration /
D. "The oil industry has blocked public
research and development for decades, against the day when it hopes to take this enormous
resource entirely out of public control. The industry's friends in Congress are right mow
seeking legislation to force the government to lease the public reserve, and to revive
private claims that were canceled thiryt-five years ago because claimants failed to follow
them up as the law requires."
The Nation, March 15, 1965, page 275.
"Of the three Cabinet appointments Mr. Johnson has made since
his re-election, two have been to the econimc powerhouse Treasury and Commence, (The other
was Attorney General Nicholas Katzenbach.) Henry "Joe" Fowler was an automobile
industry lobbist working the offices on Capitol Hill until the very evening before his
selection as Secretary of the Treasury. John Connor was a director of General Motors as
well as president of Merck & Co., the chemical manufacturer, before becoming Secretary
Commonweal, June 18, 1965, page 398.
"How a strange alliance of giant oil Companies and
Conservational has managed to keep an incalculable national treasure buried in Colorado
hills." "Oil Shale: Hidden Scandal or Inflated Myth?"
Harper's August 1968, pages 61 - 65.
"The shale-oil controversy has been enlivened by allegations of
Teapot Dome- like scandals, gigantic giveways, and even attempted murder. But
unquestionably the major barrier to shale development has been the oil industry's historic
..."It has more or less dictated the federal government's
do-nothing shale policy."
..."The late Estes Kefauver put it even more bluntly in an
angry speech on the Senate floor: `It is difficult to conceive of a more clear-cut case of
oil-company domination of the policy of the United States government',"...
What about the Nixon Administration ?
E. "Nixon Builds A Cabinet"
Business Week, December 14, 1968 page 34.
The new Secretary of Interior is Walter J. Hickel. He has been the :
"Chairman of Anchorage Natural Gas Co. and a director of Alaska
The new Secretary of Housing & Urban Development is George
Romney. Is this the same individual who was head of American Motor Corporation ?
Yes, the same.
Yes, those who were the heads of auto companies and oil/gas
companies are now in key government positions.
What about Ford Administration ?
President Ford kept several of the Nixon appointees, then added as
Vice President, Mr. Nelson A. Rockefeller. It would take a large shelf in any library to
list all of the financial interests the Rockefeller family has in the domestic and foreign
oil industry alone. Do you suppose the Vice President is going to cut his own throat
financially when it comes to oil or oil related legislation ?
F. "Cronies Chart Energy Course" Jack
Anderson with Les Whitten, June 18, 1976, United Feature Syndicate
"In the grand Washington manner, the development of energy for
the future is being shaped largely by friendship and favoritism."
This report shows evidence that the head of the government's Energy
Research and Development Administration(ERDA) is a close and personal friend of many years
standing with the voce president of the company named TRW, Inc.
"TRW has picked up nearly $24 million in noncompetitive
contracts from ERDA. Two of the contracts weren't even solicited but were thrust upon the
company, a procedure that is unusual if not on known in the history of dispensing federal
Did President Jimmy Carter usher in a change ?
G. "Alcohol Could Fill Fuel Needs" Jack
Anderson and Les Whitten, August 9,1977, United Feature Syndicated
As already noted in section on Alternate Fuels. There is evidence
that alcohol can be used as a fuel for automobiles.
It was done as far back as the 1930's by Chrysler Motors.
"Yet the Carter administration, despite the high stakes
involved, has failed to pay much attention to the alcohol fuels. The 103 - page National
Energy Program devotes only a single sentence to the alcohol potential."
"The powerful oil industry, of course, opposes developing rival
alcohol fuels. This not only would threaten oil profits but would break the industry's
"Big Oil Fights Use of Alcohol" Jack Anderson, September
18, 1977. United Feature Syndicate
"Investigators for Rep. Ben Rosenthal (D-N.Y.) have found a
heavy concentration of executives from the energy industry holding down policy making
positions at the Federal Energy Administration and Energy Research and Development
"Is Jimmy Carter on the Level ?" Tom Braden (10-77) writes
in his newspaper column about President Carter's "attack" on the oil companies.
Patrick J. Buchanan writes in his nationwide newspaper column
(October 23, 1977):
"The President's energy program is in the `shamble' of Sen.
Ribicoff's description because it isn't an energy program at al. It is vast tax program to
generate tens of billions in revenues without reducing the nation's dependence on foreign
And" this from a President who campaigned on the promise: `I
would never increase taxes for the working people of our country and the lower and
middle-income groups... and you can depend on that if I am elected'."
Probably the most convincing evidence is recalled when you research
the background of Mr. Carter's Cabinet and high government appointments. Many are in some
way connected with the oil or auto industry.
Cyrus Vance, for example, was chairman of the Board of Trustees for
the Rockefeller Foundation. See James McCartney, Knight Newswire.
National Security Advisor, Zbigniew Brzezinski has this background:
"Nelson A. Rockefeller became the powerful patron of Kissinger
in the so- called Eastern establishment and in the Republican political arena. His brother
, David Rockefeller, chairman of Chase Manhattan Bank, became a Brezezinski patron and
co-promoter with Brzezinski of the Trilateral Commission... The Commission recruited
Carter, then governor of Georgia, among its members launching the Brzezinski-Carter link
that has produced abundant dividends." Washington Post, December 17, 1976, by Murray
* * * * *
Evidence clearly and specifically indicates that in every recent
Presidential Administration, whether Democratic or Republican, several key Cabinet
appointments are filled with individuals who have large and powerful interests in the
automobile and oil industry.
EVIDENCE DEMANDS A VERDICT
You research these and hundreds of reports in detail.
You be the judge.
It is not our purpose to influence the reader with our own
conclusions an research findings. Rather, our objective is to share with our fellow
citizen the tools of investigative research. You, then, can study these articles and
report in their entirety -- - - you then can form your own opinions (not from hearsay, but
from the written record.) You can make your own judgements. You can formulate your own
convictions and conclusions.
SPECIFIC EXAMPLES OF INVENTIONS ON THE SHELF
We have already shown evidence that our shale-oil reserve are
"on the shelf". One can find ample proof positive of this by consulting the
Reader's Guide to Periodical Literature in the public library. The article and reports are
listed by month and year in alphabetical order. Simply turn to :
and there you will find published record already listed.
Several of these reports were already listed in this book. More will
be noted at the end of this chapter.
A. In 1929 during an "energy crisis",
President Hoover said there will be no more drilling on government lands; that there would
be "conservation of oil in this administration".
Because of this decree, there was a fear of an energy crisis. The
oil companies and auto manufactures were brought together to examine ways of conserving
Each of the leading auto manufactures offered the answers the ENERGY
SAVING EQUIPMENT ENGINES AND CARS were ALREADY CONCEIVED...............when and if there
is no more gasoline and oil for fuel, still: ........"there'll be more cars running
on the highways, after the last oil well has run dry, than there are now."
"300 Miles to the Gallon!" by William G. Shepherd,
Collier's October 5, 1929, pages 10-11+
B. As with the turbine car, the auto industry has
simply placed the free-piston engine on the shelf. The greatest drawback of the gas saving
free piston engine is not mechanical or technological, rather its first drawback is :
....."the great US auto industry has hundreds of millions of
dollars invested in engine plants and would be hesitant about scrapping them to build a
revolutionary new engine, no matter how good." Popular Mechanics, September 1950,
pages 348 - 350.
General Motors Corporation has put gas saving inventions on the
C. General Motors Corporation has some 19 patents
on the gas saving gaseous carburetion system alone.
United States Patent Office Abstracts.
G.M. has a Cadillac engine that gets almost 30 miles per gallon of
gasoline in a full size sedan. see ... "New Engine Cuts Gas Bill", Popular
Science, July 1951, page 100, with photos.
General Motors has an automobile engine that runs on alcohol. see
... "Engine to Dream About", Popular Science November 1951, page 193.
G.M. has developed the hybrid-electric car, an all electric commuter
car and a gas type commuter car which gets 70 miles per gallon of gasoline. See Mechanix
Illustrated, October 1969, Cover photo and lead article.
General Motors has the Hot-Air-Engine, (a multi-fuel motor) that is
highly efficient. "Gm has built more than 25 of the engines ranging from 3-hp
single-cylinder models to 400 hp, 4-cyl.power plants. After 22,000 hours of operation time
GM thinks there is a market now for compact 4 cyl,in-line engine" Mechanix
illustrated, October 1971, page 71.
Ford Motor Company has gas saving engines already developed.
D. "Ford's Ideal Motor : The opposed Piston
This is a multi-fuel enigne, highly efficient, doesn't require
gasoline ... an engine some-what similar in design as the Bourke. Newsweek, December 13,
1943, page 69.
"Ford, for instance, has a development contract with Texaco,
Inc., on a clean- exhaust engine that is suppose to double gas mileage, and pur along
equally well on diesel oil , furnace fuel, kerosene or high octane gas." Business
Week, January 6, 1962, page 37.
"We could make a good passenger-car gas turbine, too ... .'such
an engine might run 400,000 miles'." Reader's Digest, May 1962, page 112.
Yardney Electric development an electric car. Then "Ford came
into the ballgame publicly with a $4 million tie-in with Yardney last year." Motor
Trend, April 1968, page 66.
Actually, this is not an unusual happening. a smaller , independent
company develops an energy saving device. Then a big auto manufacturer merges with or
buys-out the smaller enterprise. The outcome is : the gas saving invention is not heard of
For example, have you heard of the non-polluting, quiet,
multi-fueled Stirling-Cycle engine (used in space satellites )?
"When the Ford Motor Company signs an] Agreement for the rights
to build a Stirling engine, you must suspect that its intended use is in automobiles. And
last July, Ford did come to such an agreement with Phillips Gloeilampenfabriek N.V. of
Eindhoven, in the Netherlands, where the Stirling engine has been under continuos
development since 1938." Popular Science, February 1973, page 72-75.
The Stirling engine has been used in space satellites (popular
Science, July 1965), General Motors Stirling-electric Opel car (Popular Science, December
1968) and on Phillip's Stirling-driven DAF bus (Popular Science, June 1971).
E. Chrylser Corporation has similar inventions
already developed but not in use. The turbine cars of the 1950's and 1960's are examples.
An especially informative report on this subject is entitled :
"Here Come The `Judge'" Motor Trend, January 1969.
if the reader has any doubts what so ever that the turbine car is
fully developed, then this report is must reading.
F. "And General Electric has been in the
electric car research business since 1956....... Electrovair II... did 0 - 60 in 16
seconds and could reach 80 mph but had a range of only about 50 miles." Motor Trend,
April 1968, page 66.
G. Oil Companies have gas saving auto engines.
"Auto Engines That Burn Almost Anything " Reader's Digest,
May 1962, pages 109- 111.
"today's high-compression engine, with its voracious appetite
for ever more gasoline, may soon be replaced by one of several new engines designed to get
more miles per gallon from much cheaper fuels."
"The engine in the car was designed by Texaco. `It will burn
almost any fuel,' Davis explained. `We have driven it 40,000 miles with gasoline, diesel
fuel, jet fuel, and kerosene. We've averaged 24 miles to the gallon, (in a Plymouth) and
we've got a new engine in the laboratory which should do 34, according to our
NOTE: Back on page 54, we asked the question :
"What happened to the revolutionary auto engine developed by
Mr. Barber ?"
Now 12 - 15 years later it shows up, still in Texaco laboratories !
Way back in 1950, this engine was claimed to offer :
- Thirty percent increased mileage
- No engine knocking-- Reduced refining costs
- No new problems in auto design
- Large extension of world's supply of crude oil.
The documented facts show that gas saving equipment, engines and
cars already exist.
Evidence demands a verdict.
If your conclusion is the same as ours; won't you help us become the
largest, most effective lobby-voice in U.S. history ? And really, our lobby is the most
wholesome and ethical kind of lobby that we know about.
* It is not a bride lobby
* It is not a big money lobby
* It is not a "paid vacation" lobby.
* It is not a liquor lobby.
It is simply a concerned you and me citizen lobby.
Say, isn't that the way it should be anyway ?!
* * * * *
Following this list (of miscellaneous reports of interest) we will
look at the SECOND SHELF.
HODGE PODGE WITH A MESSAGE
This list of articles and reports will give the interested
researcher more insight and background into the subjects and events already in this book.
May 15, 1920
Literary Digest, pages 99 - 101
Wanted more efficiency in gasoline
August 5, 1922
Literary Digest , page 27
Substitutes for gasoline .
March 17, 1923
Literary Digest, pages 13 - 14
Vision of dollar gasoline.
Scientific American, page 381
Stretching the gasoline supply.
Scientific American , page 350
Oil shale in America: Vast
deposits to be used in one day.
December 13, 1924
Literary Digest, pages 62 - 64
Is the price of gasoline getting
ready to soar ?
January 31, 1925
Literary Digest , pages 52 - 55
Wanted: Something to replace
February 18, 1925
New Republic, pages 324 - 325
March 7, 1925
Saturday Evening Post,
Gas, the new goose, page 34
July 24, 1926
Literary Digest , page 23
New German motor fuels.
pages 180 - 181
Uncle Sam - - - spend thrift.
December 8, 1926
Nation, pages 586-587
Review of Review's
Out of gas ? pages 265 - 268
May 4, 1929
Literary Digest , pages 77 - 83
American capital motorizing
Europe-- also on pages 19-20
G.M. buys Opel.
December 28, 1929
Literary Digest, page 27
Biggest business in the world.
December 17, 1930
Business Week, page 12
At $0.04 a gallon, Soviets sell
us first cargo of gasoline.
December 26, 1931
Saturday Evening Post,
Gasoline racket. page 22
June 15, 1929
February 20, 1932
March 5, 1930
April 15, 1931
November 11, 1931
February 10, 1932
July 7, 1934
Business Week , pages 10 - 11
One big union.
August 11, 1934
Newsweek, page 28
Motor paid 1/8 of nations
January 19, 1934
Business Week, page 6
Gas tax OK - Supreme Court
Gas taxes, gas bootleggers
and gas marketing.
pages 410 - 413
Queer facts about gasoline.
December 25, 1937
Business Week, page 20
January 29, 1938
Business week, page 16
U.S. plans more oil
prosecutions, also see
Senior Scholastic, February
12, 1938, page 15(s)
Nation's Business, page 55
Billions for gas taxes.
pages 33 - 36
If auto dealers told all.
American Free Enterprise
built the motor car (also see
All for one - - - one for all:
research in motor industry.
September 28, 1940
Business Week, Auto's in
Aviation - - Ford and Packard
brake ground for engine plants.
Autos into guns: There are
many such articles.
U.S. Auto plants are cleared
for war: There are many articles
of this type, also
We list these to show that in a time of emergency, the auto industry
can quickly change over to mass- producing another item. (guns, tanks, trucks, planes,
When it comes to GAS SAVING CARS, the answer from the auto industry
is ..... "It takes anywhere from 10 - 20 years, maybe longer to change over to a new
September 6, 1941
Nation...Great oil mystery.
September 8, 1941
September 15, 1941
Time . . ..Oil or no oil.
September 22, 1941
September 29, 1941
New Republic...... Is there
an oil shortage ?
See Volume 13, page 71, in the Reader's Guide to Periodical
Literature for a listing of many such articles.. Also look under:
GAS - Rationing
Reader's Digest, pages 105-107
Good bye to the gas buggy.
April 1 , 1944
Science News Letter, page 216
New idea in internal combustion.
Business Week, pages 19-20
Small car vie.
Rear engine car in 1947 ?
Popular Mechanics, page 123
Aluminum car with tiny engine.
May 13, 1946
Life, pages 45-47
August 3, 1946
Saturday Review Lit.
Liquid + water = gasoline.
Science Illustrated, pages 78-80
There'll always be plenty of motor
******* The above article is a well done
March 27, 1948
Science News Letter, page 205
Efficient engine needed.
Fortune, pages 110 - 115 +
Synthetics: The great oil
*******Another informative report.
November 29, 1948
Time, page 88
Under the counter.
January 9, 1950
Newsweek, page 52
Big Three bigger.
In the Reader's Guide one may also look under these headings for
interesting reports: Chrysler Corporation, Ford , General Motors, American Motors, etc.
March 18, 1950
Science News Letter, page 169
Crude oil, gas reserve for
any years to come.
American Political Science
pages 455 - 469
federal regulations of the use
of Natural Gas.
Cornet, pages 40 - 44
American motorist is No. 1
April 30, 1954
Commonweal, page 85
Decline of the independents
(also see December 1954,
Fortune and Others).
May 19, 1954
Senior Scholastic, page 10
October 2, 1954
Science News Letter, page 212
U.S. Oil shale deposits---
beat world oil reserves.
April 16, 1955
Saturday Evening Post,
pages 32-33, David and
Goliaths in Autoland.
January 21, 1956
Business Week, page 180
How to split
March 5, 1956
New Republic, page 11
How much is a Senator worth ?
Atlantic, page 4+
Lobbying for the gas bill.
Volume 20. page 976, of Reader's Guide to Periodical Literature
lists some 55 articles on Gas Regulations. . .
December 3, 1956
Time, page 33
Wave of fear.
February 2, 1957
Auto industry crosses its ranks.
April 26, 1957
U.S. News, page 108
Gas tax revolt at the grass roots.
May 18, 1957
The Nation. page 437
Shale-oil shell game.
June 10, 1957
Autos; war of giants.
August 7, 1958
Reporter, pages 27 - 30
Reuther's undefeated Union vs.
An unprecedented alliance.
October 1 , 1958
Vital Speeches, page 762
Our common stake: Petroleum
and automobile industries.
October 28, 1959
Look, page 78 - 79
Fate of our economy rides with
the 1959 cars.
July 13, 1959
New Republic, page 6
Investment or exploitation
General Motors--Holden's Ltd.
September 7, 1959
Newsweek, page 34
Gas tax: piling it on , double in
Science Digest, pages 6 - 8
Auto engine of 1975.
September 19, 1954
Business Week , page 96
Mexican Government has mono-
poly on gasoline.
June 18, 1965
Commonweal, page 398
Excising the poor.
June 11, 1966
Business Week, pages 74-76
Auto labor goes multi-national.
February 25, 1967
Oilmen get the word on
There is no evidence to support the claim that every congressman is
"joined-up" with a big special interest group.
There is, on the other hand , evidence to support the claim that
certain key congressman and Cabinet appointments, even under-secretaries and departmental
administrators are in fact "representatives" of a special interest group. Two of
the most influential special interest groups are the oil and auto industries.
This is politics. This is "the way it is". This is true
regardless of which party is in office. As long as the public is silent --- why change ?
The car drivers of America believe it is time to change. A large and
clear lobby is necessary to voice our convictions.
Do you believe alternate fuels and cars should be made available to
the public as a means of true conversation ?
Are you against higher federal taxes. . . just for taxes sake ?
If you answers are yes, the please read the next chapter. . . THE
Most large city libraries really have many sources of information
available to the public. The workers there are quite helpful in explaining their services.
Books, magazines(back to the 1800's), old newspapers, government
documents and speeches, U.S. patent information, specific reports and more can be located
in the library.
One will find volumes of helpful information in the :
Reader's Guide To Periodical Literature
These are large-size volume--each listing
magazines and vital speeches---annotated
and in alphabetical order.
The Engineering Index
A Volume for each year.
Index of Patents: Issued from the
United States Patent Office
The Patent Gazette
These resources and others are the basic tools needed for the
exciting adventure of investigative research. The second shelf...