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Gasoline crisis answer

Part 4

On the Shelf

Let us look together at two shelves - - - that is , two places where a good invention or a good ides could be set aside not made available to the public.

SHELF NUMBER ONE

Evidence points to the fact that the turbine engine was placed on the shelf. it is a worthy, gas saving automobile engine which has been set aside by a combination of automotive, governmental and oil industry officials.

MORE EVIDENCE

Are auto manufactures, governmental officials and oil industry leaders, all three, really "cozy" companions ? Do they indeed work together to promote their combined interests ? Are they many or are they few ? Are they the "chief Liberians" who keep gas saving inventions and alternate fuels on the shelf ?

QUOTES

The quotations and articles referred to in this chapter are not listed because the represent thinking or because they represent conservative thinking. Rather, they are listed as examples . . . showing a sample of what has been written over a long period of time and from a variety of publications . . . . .all readily available in most libraries.

YOU BE THE JUDGE

A. Oil imports began to increase in the 1950's. A few elected officials who were representing their people back home began it investigate these rising imports.

"It was revealed, for instance, that U.S. - owned Aramceo, exploiter of the fabulously rich Saudi Arabian Fields, pays no taxes to United States ."

These few Senators were concerned because here at home vast shale-oil deposits that should be developed. As late as the mid-1940's, some shale-oil/coal- hydrogenization plants were in operation and producing oil at competitive prices with petroleum oil.

What happened ?

"Immediately upon coming into office as Secretary of the Interior, Douglas Mckay leased the(Missouri) plant ... and not for coal hydrogenization."

"The oil lobby found the government's oil- shale research project in the cliffs of the] Navy's reserve near Rifle, Colorado, harder to strangle."

Here, also, gasoline from shale was being produced at a price competitive with petroleum refined gasoline.

"Mr. McKay, a master in the practice of commissioning the coyotes to look after the sheep, asked a committee from the oil industry to advise him what to do with the Rifle enterprise; not unexpectedly, the committee recommended that it be closed down. Mr. McKay wholeheartedly agreed."

And further:

"The largest oil companies in the United States are among those which long ago acquired blocks of the richest oil-shale country in Western Colorado ..."

The U.S. Government owns the rest.

Each of the above are from: The Nation, Mat 18, 1957, pages 437-439

B. "One radical solution to Detroit's troubles has come from an auto maker, George Romney of American Motors Corp."

"It is his view that today's concentration of power in Detroit is both inefficient and expensive. On one hand, it is preventing news firm from up costs - - -because of the contracts made between big management and big labor. He proposes a split-up of the giant firms now in the business as well as a spit-up of the United Auto Workers."
Business Week, February 22, 1958, page 172.

Is this the same George Romney that later held a high government position ? See page 90 for answer

C. 1959:Detroit

The head of Ford Motor Company is one Robert S. McNamara. He has been with the firm since 1946.

Later :Washington D.C.

John. F. Kennedy is elected President of the United States.

"R.Sargent Shriver, Jr., Kennedy's brother in-law talent scout flew to Detroit to sound McNamara out for the post of Treasury Secretary. but McNamarar was more interested in the Defense Dept. - - - presumably because of the Pentagon's non-political character and vast managerial challenge."

"Ford Stock Sale - -To comply with the con- flict of-interest laws, McNamara sold his Ford stock (for $1.1-million after taxes), placed the proceeds in a trust fund. He surrendered Ford stock option rights, but over the next six years will receive $618,750 in bonuses for past service."
Business Week, February 11, 1961, page 102.

The interested reader should go to the public library and list the Cabinet appointments and other high government position in the Kennedy Administration, then research these individuals' backgrounds . . . . . .one may be surprised it find how many were involved in the auto or oil industry.

What about the Johnson Administration /

D. "The oil industry has blocked public research and development for decades, against the day when it hopes to take this enormous resource entirely out of public control. The industry's friends in Congress are right mow seeking legislation to force the government to lease the public reserve, and to revive private claims that were canceled thiryt-five years ago because claimants failed to follow them up as the law requires."
The Nation, March 15, 1965, page 275.

"Of the three Cabinet appointments Mr. Johnson has made since his re-election, two have been to the econimc powerhouse Treasury and Commence, (The other was Attorney General Nicholas Katzenbach.) Henry "Joe" Fowler was an automobile industry lobbist working the offices on Capitol Hill until the very evening before his selection as Secretary of the Treasury. John Connor was a director of General Motors as well as president of Merck & Co., the chemical manufacturer, before becoming Secretary of Commerce."
Commonweal, June 18, 1965, page 398.

"How a strange alliance of giant oil Companies and Conservational has managed to keep an incalculable national treasure buried in Colorado hills." "Oil Shale: Hidden Scandal or Inflated Myth?"
Harper's August 1968, pages 61 - 65.

"The shale-oil controversy has been enlivened by allegations of Teapot Dome- like scandals, gigantic giveways, and even attempted murder. But unquestionably the major barrier to shale development has been the oil industry's historic opposition."

..."It has more or less dictated the federal government's do-nothing shale policy."

..."The late Estes Kefauver put it even more bluntly in an angry speech on the Senate floor: `It is difficult to conceive of a more clear-cut case of oil-company domination of the policy of the United States government',"...

What about the Nixon Administration ?

E. "Nixon Builds A Cabinet"
Business Week, December 14, 1968 page 34.

The new Secretary of Interior is Walter J. Hickel. He has been the :

"Chairman of Anchorage Natural Gas Co. and a director of Alaska pipeline Co,"

The new Secretary of Housing & Urban Development is George Romney. Is this the same individual who was head of American Motor Corporation ?

Yes, the same.

Yes, those who were the heads of auto companies and oil/gas companies are now in key government positions.

What about Ford Administration ?

President Ford kept several of the Nixon appointees, then added as Vice President, Mr. Nelson A. Rockefeller. It would take a large shelf in any library to list all of the financial interests the Rockefeller family has in the domestic and foreign oil industry alone. Do you suppose the Vice President is going to cut his own throat financially when it comes to oil or oil related legislation ?

F. "Cronies Chart Energy Course" Jack Anderson with Les Whitten, June 18, 1976, United Feature Syndicate

"In the grand Washington manner, the development of energy for the future is being shaped largely by friendship and favoritism."

This report shows evidence that the head of the government's Energy Research and Development Administration(ERDA) is a close and personal friend of many years standing with the voce president of the company named TRW, Inc.

"TRW has picked up nearly $24 million in noncompetitive contracts from ERDA. Two of the contracts weren't even solicited but were thrust upon the company, a procedure that is unusual if not on known in the history of dispensing federal funds."

Did President Jimmy Carter usher in a change ?

G. "Alcohol Could Fill Fuel Needs" Jack Anderson and Les Whitten, August 9,1977, United Feature Syndicated

As already noted in section on Alternate Fuels. There is evidence that alcohol can be used as a fuel for automobiles.

It was done as far back as the 1930's by Chrysler Motors.

"Yet the Carter administration, despite the high stakes involved, has failed to pay much attention to the alcohol fuels. The 103 - page National Energy Program devotes only a single sentence to the alcohol potential."

"The powerful oil industry, of course, opposes developing rival alcohol fuels. This not only would threaten oil profits but would break the industry's monopoly."

"Big Oil Fights Use of Alcohol" Jack Anderson, September 18, 1977. United Feature Syndicate

"Investigators for Rep. Ben Rosenthal (D-N.Y.) have found a heavy concentration of executives from the energy industry holding down policy making positions at the Federal Energy Administration and Energy Research and Development Administration."

"Is Jimmy Carter on the Level ?" Tom Braden (10-77) writes in his newspaper column about President Carter's "attack" on the oil companies.

Patrick J. Buchanan writes in his nationwide newspaper column (October 23, 1977):

"The President's energy program is in the `shamble' of Sen. Ribicoff's description because it isn't an energy program at al. It is vast tax program to generate tens of billions in revenues without reducing the nation's dependence on foreign oil."

And" this from a President who campaigned on the promise: `I would never increase taxes for the working people of our country and the lower and middle-income groups... and you can depend on that if I am elected'."

Probably the most convincing evidence is recalled when you research the background of Mr. Carter's Cabinet and high government appointments. Many are in some way connected with the oil or auto industry.

Cyrus Vance, for example, was chairman of the Board of Trustees for the Rockefeller Foundation. See James McCartney, Knight Newswire.

National Security Advisor, Zbigniew Brzezinski has this background:

"Nelson A. Rockefeller became the powerful patron of Kissinger in the so- called Eastern establishment and in the Republican political arena. His brother , David Rockefeller, chairman of Chase Manhattan Bank, became a Brezezinski patron and co-promoter with Brzezinski of the Trilateral Commission... The Commission recruited Carter, then governor of Georgia, among its members launching the Brzezinski-Carter link that has produced abundant dividends." Washington Post, December 17, 1976, by Murray Marder.

* * * * *

Evidence clearly and specifically indicates that in every recent Presidential Administration, whether Democratic or Republican, several key Cabinet appointments are filled with individuals who have large and powerful interests in the automobile and oil industry.

EVIDENCE DEMANDS A VERDICT

You research these and hundreds of reports in detail.

You be the judge.

It is not our purpose to influence the reader with our own conclusions an research findings. Rather, our objective is to share with our fellow citizen the tools of investigative research. You, then, can study these articles and report in their entirety -- - - you then can form your own opinions (not from hearsay, but from the written record.) You can make your own judgements. You can formulate your own convictions and conclusions.

SPECIFIC EXAMPLES OF INVENTIONS ON THE SHELF

We have already shown evidence that our shale-oil reserve are "on the shelf". One can find ample proof positive of this by consulting the Reader's Guide to Periodical Literature in the public library. The article and reports are listed by month and year in alphabetical order. Simply turn to :

Oil-Shale

and there you will find published record already listed.

Several of these reports were already listed in this book. More will be noted at the end of this chapter.

A. In 1929 during an "energy crisis", President Hoover said there will be no more drilling on government lands; that there would be "conservation of oil in this administration".

Because of this decree, there was a fear of an energy crisis. The oil companies and auto manufactures were brought together to examine ways of conserving resources.

Each of the leading auto manufactures offered the answers the ENERGY SAVING EQUIPMENT ENGINES AND CARS were ALREADY CONCEIVED...............when and if there is no more gasoline and oil for fuel, still: ........"there'll be more cars running on the highways, after the last oil well has run dry, than there are now."

"300 Miles to the Gallon!" by William G. Shepherd, Collier's October 5, 1929, pages 10-11+

B. As with the turbine car, the auto industry has simply placed the free-piston engine on the shelf. The greatest drawback of the gas saving free piston engine is not mechanical or technological, rather its first drawback is :

....."the great US auto industry has hundreds of millions of dollars invested in engine plants and would be hesitant about scrapping them to build a revolutionary new engine, no matter how good." Popular Mechanics, September 1950, pages 348 - 350.

General Motors Corporation has put gas saving inventions on the shelf.

C. General Motors Corporation has some 19 patents on the gas saving gaseous carburetion system alone.

United States Patent Office Abstracts.

G.M. has a Cadillac engine that gets almost 30 miles per gallon of gasoline in a full size sedan. see ... "New Engine Cuts Gas Bill", Popular Science, July 1951, page 100, with photos.

General Motors has an automobile engine that runs on alcohol. see ... "Engine to Dream About", Popular Science November 1951, page 193.

G.M. has developed the hybrid-electric car, an all electric commuter car and a gas type commuter car which gets 70 miles per gallon of gasoline. See Mechanix Illustrated, October 1969, Cover photo and lead article.

General Motors has the Hot-Air-Engine, (a multi-fuel motor) that is highly efficient. "Gm has built more than 25 of the engines ranging from 3-hp single-cylinder models to 400 hp, 4-cyl.power plants. After 22,000 hours of operation time GM thinks there is a market now for compact 4 cyl,in-line engine" Mechanix illustrated, October 1971, page 71.

Ford Motor Company has gas saving engines already developed.

D. "Ford's Ideal Motor : The opposed Piston Engine".

This is a multi-fuel enigne, highly efficient, doesn't require gasoline ... an engine some-what similar in design as the Bourke. Newsweek, December 13, 1943, page 69.

"Ford, for instance, has a development contract with Texaco, Inc., on a clean- exhaust engine that is suppose to double gas mileage, and pur along equally well on diesel oil , furnace fuel, kerosene or high octane gas." Business Week, January 6, 1962, page 37.

"We could make a good passenger-car gas turbine, too ... .'such an engine might run 400,000 miles'." Reader's Digest, May 1962, page 112.

Yardney Electric development an electric car. Then "Ford came into the ballgame publicly with a $4 million tie-in with Yardney last year." Motor Trend, April 1968, page 66.

Actually, this is not an unusual happening. a smaller , independent company develops an energy saving device. Then a big auto manufacturer merges with or buys-out the smaller enterprise. The outcome is : the gas saving invention is not heard of again.

For example, have you heard of the non-polluting, quiet, multi-fueled Stirling-Cycle engine (used in space satellites )?

"When the Ford Motor Company signs an] Agreement for the rights to build a Stirling engine, you must suspect that its intended use is in automobiles. And last July, Ford did come to such an agreement with Phillips Gloeilampenfabriek N.V. of Eindhoven, in the Netherlands, where the Stirling engine has been under continuos development since 1938." Popular Science, February 1973, page 72-75.

The Stirling engine has been used in space satellites (popular Science, July 1965), General Motors Stirling-electric Opel car (Popular Science, December 1968) and on Phillip's Stirling-driven DAF bus (Popular Science, June 1971).

E. Chrylser Corporation has similar inventions already developed but not in use. The turbine cars of the 1950's and 1960's are examples.

An especially informative report on this subject is entitled :

"Here Come The `Judge'" Motor Trend, January 1969.

if the reader has any doubts what so ever that the turbine car is fully developed, then this report is must reading.

F. "And General Electric has been in the electric car research business since 1956....... Electrovair II... did 0 - 60 in 16 seconds and could reach 80 mph but had a range of only about 50 miles." Motor Trend, April 1968, page 66.

G. Oil Companies have gas saving auto engines.

"Auto Engines That Burn Almost Anything " Reader's Digest, May 1962, pages 109- 111.

"today's high-compression engine, with its voracious appetite for ever more gasoline, may soon be replaced by one of several new engines designed to get more miles per gallon from much cheaper fuels."

"The engine in the car was designed by Texaco. `It will burn almost any fuel,' Davis explained. `We have driven it 40,000 miles with gasoline, diesel fuel, jet fuel, and kerosene. We've averaged 24 miles to the gallon, (in a Plymouth) and we've got a new engine in the laboratory which should do 34, according to our tests'."

NOTE: Back on page 54, we asked the question :

"What happened to the revolutionary auto engine developed by Mr. Barber ?"

Now 12 - 15 years later it shows up, still in Texaco laboratories !

Way back in 1950, this engine was claimed to offer :

- Thirty percent increased mileage
- No engine knocking-- Reduced refining costs
- No new problems in auto design
- Large extension of world's supply of crude oil.

CONCLUSION

The documented facts show that gas saving equipment, engines and cars already exist.

Evidence demands a verdict.

If your conclusion is the same as ours; won't you help us become the largest, most effective lobby-voice in U.S. history ? And really, our lobby is the most wholesome and ethical kind of lobby that we know about.

* It is not a bride lobby
* It is not a big money lobby
* It is not a "paid vacation" lobby.
* It is not a liquor lobby.

It is simply a concerned you and me citizen lobby.

Say, isn't that the way it should be anyway ?!

* * * * *

Following this list (of miscellaneous reports of interest) we will look at the SECOND SHELF.

HODGE PODGE WITH A MESSAGE

This list of articles and reports will give the interested researcher more insight and background into the subjects and events already in this book.


	May 15, 1920
		Literary Digest, pages 99 - 101
		Wanted more efficiency in gasoline
		engines.

	August 5, 1922
		Literary Digest , page 27
		Substitutes for gasoline .

	March 17, 1923
		Literary Digest, pages 13 - 14
		Vision of dollar gasoline.

	June 1923
		Scientific American, page 381
		Stretching the gasoline supply.

	November 1924
		Scientific American , page 350
		Oil shale in America: Vast
		deposits to be used in one day.

	December 13, 1924
		Literary Digest, pages 62 - 64
		Is the price of gasoline getting
		ready to soar ?

	January 31, 1925
		Literary Digest , pages 52 - 55
		Wanted: Something to replace
		vanishing gasoline.

	February 18, 1925
		New Republic, pages 324 - 325
		Gas $0.50?

	March 7, 1925
		Saturday Evening Post,
		Gas, the new goose, page 34

	July 24, 1926	
		Literary Digest , page 23
		New German motor fuels.

	September 1926
		Scientific American.
		pages 180 - 181
		Uncle Sam  - - - spend thrift.

	December 8, 1926
		Nation, pages 586-587
		Gaseless America.

	March 1927
		Review of Review's
		Out of gas ? pages 265 - 268

	May 4, 1929
		Literary Digest , pages 77 - 83
		American capital motorizing
		Europe-- also on pages 19-20
		G.M. buys Opel.

	December 28, 1929
		Literary Digest, page 27
		Biggest business in the world.

	December 17, 1930
		Business Week, page 12
		At $0.04 a gallon, Soviets sell
		us first cargo of gasoline.

	 December 26, 1931
		Saturday Evening Post,
		Gasoline racket.  page 22

	Gas Taxes
		LITERARY DIGEST
		June 15, 1929
		February 20, 1932
		BUSINESS WEEK
		March 5, 1930
		April 15, 1931
		November 11, 1931
		February 10, 1932

	July 7, 1934
		Business Week , pages 10 - 11
		One big union.

	August 11, 1934
		Newsweek,  page 28
		Motor paid 1/8 of nations 
		taxes.

	January 19, 1934
		Business Week, page 6
		Gas tax OK - Supreme Court
		decision

	1932---1935
		Gas taxes, gas bootleggers
		and gas marketing.

	September 1937
		Popular Mechanics
		pages 410 - 413
		Queer facts about gasoline.

	December 25, 1937
		Business Week, page 20
		Carburetor monopoly.

	January 29, 1938
		Business week, page 16
		U.S. plans more oil
		prosecutions, also see 
		Senior Scholastic, February
		12, 1938, page 15(s)
		
	December 1938
		Nation's Business, page 55
		Billions for gas taxes.

	September 1939
		Consumers Digest,
		pages 33 - 36
		If auto dealers told all.
	
	November 1939	
		Nation's Business
		pages 18-20
		American Free Enterprise
		built the motor car (also see
		October 1940).

	December 1939
		Scientific American
		All for one - - - one for all:
		research in motor industry.

WAR TIMES


	September 28, 1940
		Business Week, Auto's in
		Aviation - - Ford and Packard
		brake ground for engine plants.

	1941	
		Autos into guns: There are
		many such articles.

	1942
		U.S. Auto plants are cleared
		for war: There are many articles
		of this type, also

We list these to show that in a time of emergency, the auto industry can quickly change over to mass- producing another item. (guns, tanks, trucks, planes, etc...)

When it comes to GAS SAVING CARS, the answer from the auto industry is ..... "It takes anywhere from 10 - 20 years, maybe longer to change over to a new engine".

CONSERVATION


	September 6, 1941 
		Nation...Great oil mystery.

	September 8, 1941
		Newsweek...Gas Shortage.

	September 15, 1941
		Time . . ..Oil or no oil.

	September 22, 1941
		Time...Shell game.

	September 29,  1941
		New Republic...... Is there
		an oil shortage ?

See Volume 13, page 71, in the Reader's Guide to Periodical Literature for a listing of many such articles.. Also look under:

GAS - Rationing


	November 1943
		Reader's Digest, pages 105-107
		Good bye to the gas buggy.

	April 1 , 1944
		Science News Letter, page 216
		New idea in internal combustion.

	September 2,1944
		Business Week, pages 19-20
		Small car vie.

	March 1946
		Science Digest
		Rear engine car in 1947 ?

	April 1946
		Popular Mechanics, page 123
		Aluminum car with tiny engine.

	May 13, 1946
		Life, pages 45-47
		Fiberglass car.

	August 3, 1946
		Saturday Review Lit.
		Liquid + water = gasoline.

	August 1947
		Science Illustrated, pages 78-80
		There'll always be plenty of motor
		fuel.
	*******	The above article is a well done
		professional report.

	March 27, 1948
		Science News Letter, page 205
		Efficient engine needed.

	May 1948
		Fortune, pages 110 - 115 +
		Synthetics:  The great oil
		reserve.

	*******Another informative report.
	November 29, 1948
		Time, page 88
		Under the counter.

	January 9, 1950
		Newsweek, page 52
		Big Three bigger.

In the Reader's Guide one may also look under these headings for interesting reports: Chrysler Corporation, Ford , General Motors, American Motors, etc.


	March 18, 1950
		Science News Letter, page 169
		Crude oil, gas reserve for
		any years to come.

	June 1952
		American Political Science
		pages 455 - 469
		federal regulations of the use
		of Natural Gas.

	August 1952
		Cornet, pages 40 - 44
		American motorist is No. 1
		Tax-sucker.

	April 30, 1954
		Commonweal, page 85
		Decline of the independents
		(also see December 1954,
		Fortune and Others).	

	May 19, 1954
		Senior Scholastic, page 10
		Auto monopoly.

	October 2, 1954
		Science News Letter, page 212
		U.S. Oil shale deposits---
		beat world oil reserves.

	April 16, 1955
		Saturday Evening Post,
		pages 32-33, David and 
		Goliaths in Autoland.

	January 21, 1956
		Business Week, page 180
		How to split

	March 5, 1956
		New Republic, page 11
		How much is a Senator worth ?

	April 1956
		Atlantic, page 4+
		Lobbying for the gas bill.

Volume 20. page 976, of Reader's Guide to Periodical Literature lists some 55 articles on Gas Regulations. . .


	December 3, 1956
		Time, page 33
		Gasoline conservation---
		Wave of fear.

	February 2, 1957
		Business Week
		Auto industry crosses its ranks.

	April 26, 1957
		U.S. News, page 108
		Gas tax revolt at the grass roots.

	May 18, 1957
		The Nation. page 437
		Shale-oil shell game.

	June 10, 1957
		Newsweek
		Autos; war of giants.

	August 7, 1958
		Reporter, pages 27 - 30
		Reuther's undefeated Union vs.
		An unprecedented alliance.

	October 1 , 1958
		Vital Speeches, page 762
		Our common stake: Petroleum
		and automobile industries.

	October 28, 1959
		Look, page 78 - 79
		Fate of our economy rides with
		the 1959 cars.

	July 13, 1959
		New Republic, page 6
		Investment or exploitation
		General Motors--Holden's Ltd.
		--Austrailia.

	September 7, 1959
		Newsweek, page 34
		Gas tax: piling it on , double in
		a decade.

	January 1961
		Science Digest, pages 6 - 8
		Auto engine of 1975.

	September 19, 1954
		Business Week , page 96
		Mexican Government has mono-
		poly on gasoline.

	June 18, 1965
		Commonweal, page 398
		Excising the poor.

	June 11, 1966
		Business Week, pages 74-76
		Auto labor goes multi-national.

	February 25, 1967
		Business Week
		Oilmen get the word on
		pricing gasoline.

INSERT

There is no evidence to support the claim that every congressman is "joined-up" with a big special interest group.

There is, on the other hand , evidence to support the claim that certain key congressman and Cabinet appointments, even under-secretaries and departmental administrators are in fact "representatives" of a special interest group. Two of the most influential special interest groups are the oil and auto industries.

This is politics. This is "the way it is". This is true regardless of which party is in office. As long as the public is silent --- why change ?

The car drivers of America believe it is time to change. A large and clear lobby is necessary to voice our convictions.

Do you believe alternate fuels and cars should be made available to the public as a means of true conversation ?

Are you against higher federal taxes. . . just for taxes sake ?

If you answers are yes, the please read the next chapter. . . THE SECOND SHELF.

RESEARCH TOOLS

Most large city libraries really have many sources of information available to the public. The workers there are quite helpful in explaining their services.

Books, magazines(back to the 1800's), old newspapers, government documents and speeches, U.S. patent information, specific reports and more can be located in the library.

One will find volumes of helpful information in the :


	Reader's Guide To Periodical Literature
	   These are large-size volume--each listing
	   magazines and vital speeches---annotated
	   and in alphabetical order.

	The Engineering Index
	    A Volume for each year.

	Index of Patents: Issued from the
	   United States Patent Office

	The Patent Gazette

These resources and others are the basic tools needed for the exciting adventure of investigative research. The second shelf...

 

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